The regulation of health professionals in Canada falls under provincial jurisdiction, meaning that each province has its own legislation that affects dental services.

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Moreover, regulatory authorities in some provinces require applicants to complete a Jurisprudence and Ethics examination which tests knowledge of local law, ethics, and regulation of the profession in that jurisdiction.

It is important to be familiar with the provincial regulations within your jurisdiction of practice.

For example, federal public health programs—that is, dental services financed by the federal government—are available to: The bulk of public oral health programs fall under provincial and territorial jurisdiction.

These include programs that are administered at the regional and municipal level, as well as through universities.

Indeed, the current Canadian model of health care is decentralized and aims to respond to the context-specific issues associated with Canada's expansive geography which consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

This model has developed gradually since World War II and was codified most recently in the 1984 Canada Health Act (CHA).As mentioned above, in Canada dental care is largely a publicly uninsured service.In some cases, however, if care is received in-hospital, or if the patient belongs to a particular institutionalized and/or at-risk population, dental services may be publicly insured (Quiñonez and Locker, 2007).The CHA is a piece of federal legislation consisting of five principles that set out the criteria and conditions to which health insurance plans throughout the country must conform in order to receive the full federal cash contribution under the Canada Health Transfer (CHT) (Fard, 2009.) It is important to understand that the CHA applies to the publicly funded components of health care services, the majority of these consisting of hospital and physician delivered care.There is also a provision for private health care in Canada; indeed the delivery of health care in Canada has always been a mixture of public and private providers.Graduates of accredited dental programs and accredited qualifying/degree completion programs, and individuals who have successfully completed the NDEB Equivalency Process are required to complete the NDEB of Canada's written examination and Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) to become eligible for licensure as a general dentist in Canada.