C, making them contemporary with Las Vegas culture and Valdivia culture in Ecuador and the Norte Chico civilization in Peru.The mummies may have served as a means of assisting the soul in surviving, and to prevent the bodies from frightening the living.Their lifestyle was predominantly supported by fish, shellfish and sea mammals.

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Excess from fishing and marine gathering was then used to barter for other goods.

The Chinchorro culture of South America was a preceramic culture that lasted from (7,000 to 1,500 B. The people forming the Chinchorro culture were sedentary fishermen inhabiting the Pacific coastal region of current northern Chile and southern Peru.

The Chinchorro mummies are mummified remains of individuals from the South American Chinchorro culture, found in what is now northern Chile.

They are the oldest examples of artificially mummified human remains, becoming popular by up to two thousand years before the Egyptian mummies. Often Chinchorro mummies were elaborately prepared by removing the internal organs and replacing them with vegetable fibers or animal hair.

Their ceramics, although less refined than those of Tiwanaku, stressed solid construction, bold design, and a rich use of colors.

Later, Huari was the center of a militaristic Empire that dominated much of the Peruvian highlands and coastal region during the early part of the Middle Horizon. For reasons unknown, Huari and its large urban centers like Cajamarquilla, collapsed at around 800 A. This marks the end of urban life in southern Peru - until the Inca arrive.

The center of this great city is divided into nine walled "citadels," each constructed out of adobe brick finished with mud, and each containing temples, cemeteries, gardens, reservoirs and symmetrically arranged rooms.

These citadels it is believed, were the living quarters, burial places and warehouses of the aristocracy.

However, since the society is a preceramic one, as well as slightly nomadic, it is somewhat difficult to determine through archaeological records the reasons why the Chinchorro felt the need to mummify the dead.

DNA = The representatives of the Chinchorro culture was determined by mitochondrial haplogroup A2.

D, the Lima culture began to take shape along the central Peruvian coast, the Lima are known for their painted adobe buildings.